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  • About IJS

    Ibadan Journal of Sociology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that considers articles from sociology, anthropology and other related disciplines. The journal has a special focus on all aspects of social relations and the impact of social policies, practices and interventions on human relations. Ibadan Journal of Sociology focuses on the needs of individuals for reporting research findings, case studies and reviews. Read More
  • Call for Papers

    Ibadan Journal of Sociology, published by Department of Sociology, Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, is now accepting manuscripts for publication in the relevant edition. Authors should submit original manuscripts addressing pertinent academic and policy issues but must be of relevance to Sociology and Anthropology. Manuscripts can be either empirical or theoretical but must be interesting and accessible in language and style to both sociologists and non-Sociologists. Manuscripts should not have been previously submitted to or under consideration by any journal or published in whatever form or language. Otherwise, the author(s) must inform the editor(s). General Information Manuscripts for consideration should be sent to the editor at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Read More
  • Editor's Note

    Today the possibilities for a sociology journal are almost limitless. The first sociology journals reflected the needs of scholars of the time. But sociology, its place in the world, and the dissemination of information has changed utterly. So in starting afresh, what a new sociology journal should retain and what it should offer to the audience are important issues to consider. In this first edition, commemorating Ibadan Sociology at 50, we have decided to look back and see into the future. Read More
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Ibadan Journal of Sociology. December, 2016. Volume 4

Nov 21 2016

Livelihood Diversification Strategies among Forest Environments’ Dwellers in Edo State, Nigeria


This study was carried out to examine livelihood diversification strategies of fringe communities around Sakpoba Forest Reserve as a result of pressure and threats. The study specifically examined the impacts of human activities in terms of pressure and threat on the forest reserve and suggested possible ways of mitigating the impacts of such activities on the reserve. The study also examined the livelihood diversification strategies resulting from the threatened forest reserve. Two hundred and forty (240) copies of structured questionnaire were used to elicit information from the respondents.

Two main data collection approaches were used for this study. These included use of structured questionnaire, with component of Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Area (RAPPAM) and 12 Key Informant Interviews (KII) to elicit information from respondents. Twelve (12) community leaders, one from each of the twelve selected communities, were interviewed through the KII approach.  RAPPAM technique was used to examine the impact of human activities on the reserve. It was observed that the various human activities in the reserve have negatively affected the forest reserve because most portion of the reserve has been greatly degraded. Findings show that there is a severe degree of pressure on Sakpoba Forest reserve from Logging, Non timber Forest Products (NTFPs) collection and conversion of forest for farming with each having a degree of 36. In addition, the degree of threat on logging (270), NTFPs collection (360) and conversion of the forest for farming (270) are severe in the reserve. The degree of pressure from grazing and hunting were indicated as moderate and high by 80 and 120 respectively,  Consequently, the livelihood of the people were also  significantly affected, owing to the fact that the land was no longer fertile enough to produce good crop yields that can sustain the livelihood of the people living around the reserve.

Keywords: Livelihood diversification, threats, pressure, Sakpoba, Forest.


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