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Family size was an indicator of family wealth and wellbeing until the latest hypothesis linking larger family size and poverty. This paper juxtaposed the family size and poverty hypothesis and explored the experiences of multiparous pregnant women in Nigeria, a country in dire need of the demographic transition process. Case study design, through a qualitative method, was adopted. Through quota sampling and snowballing, seven cases were studied. Although all women in the cases examined claimed to be healthy and relatively stable financially, they had some indicators of poverty. Also, spousal dispute or inconsistency, no prior plan about the desired number of children; spousal irresponsibility for conceptions, cultural beliefs about family planning and external influence, were responsible for the large family. This confirms that a large family is likely to be poor and faced with financial instability in Nigeria. This paper recommends that young people should be sensitised about the challenges of large family size.
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