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The death of children under the age of five still poses a serious challenge to the socioeconomic development of less developed countries. Studies on under-five mortality (U5M) have over the years observed the differentials across regions, countries and other geographical locations and groups. However, these studies may have underestimated the need to disaggregate the prevalence rate of under-five deaths among urban poor and non-poor vis-à-vis education of the mothers for proper health planning for the children. This study therefore, examined the effects of maternal education on U5M among urban poor in Nigeria. Social determinant of health framework (SDoHF) was adopted as theoretical framework, while Nigeria Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2016/17 dataset was used for the analysis of the study. The retrospective birth recode file of the dataset was generated from women who gave birth five years that preceded the survey, which gave a total of 3,709 live births. Data was analysed using direct estimate of U5M and logistic regressions at p≤0.05. The results revealed that U5MR was higher among mothers who had no formal education than their counterparts who had attained formal education. Higher educational levels of mothers significantly increased the chances of under-five children survivability. The geopolitical region, maternal age and child’s birth order among others were significantly related to U5M. Intervention programmes should be channeled towards women empowerment, while emphasizing on policies that will promote women’s higher educational attainment.


under-five mortality maternal education urbanization urban poor

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FAYEHUN, O. A., MAJEKODUNMI , A., & AYINMORO, A. D. (2019). Maternal Education and Under-Five Mortality among Urban Poor in Nigeria. IBADAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 9(1), 22. Retrieved from