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Social Welfare Service, (SWS), which is the provision of assistance to persons in need due to poverty or other vulnerabilities, is a global challenge, particularly in Nigeria. Despite this, studies examining the determinants of SWS utilisation among vulnerable groups in Bayelsa State are non-existent, even though the level of vulnerability is increasing in the state. Hence, the main objective of this study is to investigate the available social welfare services available to vulnerable people and which they have access to use. This study adopted a cross-sectional survey designed in multi-stage sampling. Purposive sampling was used to select Yenagoa because there was no study on the utilisation of SWS among vulnerable groups in the city. While a sample of 384 vulnerable individuals was drawn using respondent-driven sampling. A structured questionnaire was adopted as a method of data collection, while quantitative data were analysed using frequency distribution table, simple percentage, charts, cross-tabulations, and logistic regressions with 95% Confidence Interval. The study found out that those with disabilities (OR=0.188), unemployed youths (OR=0.141), the elderly (OR=0.290) are less likely to use more than one SWS than those who were orphans or children in the street. The utilisation of SWS was significantly related to Ijo (OR=4.495), Isoko (OR=3.902), other ethnic groups (OR=8.444), primary (OR=2.288), secondary (OR=2.680), and tertiary education (OR=2.694). In conclusion, certain, socio-demographic variable predisposes vulnerable group utilisation of social welfare services. It is therefore recommended that the government of Bayelsa state need to enforce the mandate of the social welfare department of the Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development to enhance their operations and activities.
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