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The Nigerian public procurement environment has historically been marked by the absence of accountability and transparency, leading to frequent loss of scarce public funds that are meant for the provision of essential public goods and services. Beginning from the mid-2000s, the need to institutionalize greater accountability and transparency in the Nigerian public procurement system became one of the central objectives of public sector reform. This culminated in the passage of the Public Procurement Act, 2007. Under the Act, CSOs are supposed to lead the way in the effort at bringing this dream and aspiration into reality. After over a decade of its application, Nigerian procurement processes continue to be dogged by allegations of massive corruption. Thus, the need to ascertain the extent to which CSOs working in the field of public procurement have been effective in this role. The main objective of this paper is therefore to analyze the factors that account for the unimpressive state and/or role of the CSOs in contributing to the enthronement of accountability and transparency standards in the Nigeria public procurement sector. The paper adopts the structuralfunctional theory where CSOs are seen as existing because of their roles as promoters of public accountability and transparency. For its methodology, the study relies on qualitative method where data were derived from secondary sources and analyzed descriptively. The paper’s major finding is that certain factors including dearth of procurement information, poor enforcement of the public procurement law, and obsolete monitoring techniques are responsible for the abysmal performance of CSOs’ in this regard. The paper thus concludes by arguing that the capacity of the relevant CSOs needs to be enhanced for better performance.
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