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The involvement of female adolescents in alcohol misuse in Nigeria is both public health and social concern. This study examined the prevalence of alcohol consumption and the motivating factors among adolescents in rural and urban communities in Ibadan, Nigeria. Five hundred copies of a standardized questionnaire were administered to out-of-school female adolescents assessing alcohol use. Twelve in-depth interviews were also conducted. The consumption of alcohol two weeks prior to the survey, among out-of-school female adolescents, in the rural and urban areas stood at 41.6% and 47.2% respectively. Friends were found to be the main motivator to use of alcohol at both rural and urban communities. About 24% of the respondents in the rural area preferred drinking palm wine, while 30.8% in the urban areas had consumed alcoholic wine. Respondents were exposed to alcohol use at an age range of <10 - 16 years. There is need for focused health education geared toward reducing the menace of excessive alcohol consumption through campaigns, from religious leaders and the mass media in Nigeria.
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