IBADAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY https://ibadanjournalofsociology.org/IJS <p>Ibadan Journal of Sociology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that considers articles from sociology, anthropology and other related disciplines. The journal has a special focus on all aspects of social relations and the impact of social policies, practices and interventions on human relations. Ibadan Journal of Sociology focuses on the needs of individuals for reporting research findings, case studies and reviews.</p> <p>ISSN : 2645-2626<br>ISSN : 2645-2618(print)</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Tintol Multimedia Services en-US IBADAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY 2645-2618 <p>Copyright @2017. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/)&nbsp;</a></p> Confusion in Parity and Sex Preferences: Yoruba Thoughts and Challenges for Population Control in Nigeria https://ibadanjournalofsociology.org/IJS/article/view/110 <p><em>Family size was an indicator of family wealth and wellbeing until the latest hypothesis linking larger family size and poverty. This paper juxtaposed the family size and poverty hypothesis and explored the experiences of multiparous pregnant women in Nigeria, a country in dire need of the demographic transition process. Case study design, through a qualitative method, was adopted.&nbsp; Through quota sampling and snowballing, seven cases were studied. Although all women in the cases examined claimed to be healthy and relatively stable financially, they had some indicators of poverty. Also, spousal dispute or inconsistency, no prior plan about the desired number of children; spousal irresponsibility for conceptions, cultural beliefs about family planning and external influence, were responsible for the large family. This confirms that a large family is likely to be poor and faced with financial instability in Nigeria. This paper recommends that young people should be sensitised about the challenges of large family size. </em></p> Kabiru K. SALAMI Abolaji AZEEZ Maryann C. DANJIBO Copyright (c) 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 9 1 23 23 Differential Treatments of Prison Inmates and Implications on Nigerian Criminal Justice System https://ibadanjournalofsociology.org/IJS/article/view/111 <p><em>In recent years, series of protests have broken out from various prisons across Nigeria as fallout of differential treatments of prisoners and poor condition of correctional facilities. Questions have been raised about the rationality of the disparate treatment of inmates along socioeconomic lines. This present study examined the reported segregation of inmates within the context of the correctional good of prison system. From the inductive analysis of 49 qualitative interviews with ex-inmates of prisons, prison officials and legal practitioners, a pattern of unofficial discrimination of prisoners along socioeconomic lines emerged. Findings reveal that selection of inmates for disparate treatment is corruption-laden. It is submitted that in order to progressively realise and improve the administration of justice and the prison system in Nigeria, the government and other stakeholders should review reports of panel of inquiry into the country’s prison system, establish prison-reporting scheme for inmates, and rehabilitate prison facilities.</em></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Richard A. ABORISADE Copyright (c) 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 9 1 17 17 International Migrants’ Remittances, Kinship Networks and Social Constructions https://ibadanjournalofsociology.org/IJS/article/view/112 <p><em>It is within kinship networks that Africans construct identities and make sense of actions-including international migration and remittances. The intention to migrate and the subsequent decision to send remittances to kin left behind at the country of origin are therefore highly influenced by kinship networks. The narratives of social constructions of remittances can never be adequately understood outside kinship networks because they are the ultimate and influence direct beneficiaries of international migrants’ remittances. This article examines the understudied forces that influence remittances received from migrants, the social constructions of migrants’ remittances among left behind kin and influence of remittances on kin’s migratory tendencies. Social action and social exchange theories were employed as theoretical framework. Secondary and primary data were gathered for this article. Remittance to spouses, children and parents are more frequent (monthly and irregularly) and substantial than those sent to siblings and other relatives in migrants’ kinship networks. It was also found that the meanings attached to remittances are not mutually exclusive, but rather intertwined including as: survival mechanism, a sign of love or care as well as economic/business investment opportunity. Kin’s migratory tendency is not totally fostered by remittances but also as a result of the exposure to ways of life in the developed nations.</em></p> Olayinka Akanle Otomi Augustina Orobome Copyright (c) 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 9 1 23 23 Maternal Education and Under-Five Mortality among Urban Poor in Nigeria https://ibadanjournalofsociology.org/IJS/article/view/113 <p><em>The death of children under the age of five still poses a serious challenge to the socioeconomic development of less developed countries. Studies on under-five mortality (U5M) have over the years observed the differentials across regions, countries and other geographical locations and groups. However, these studies may have underestimated the need to disaggregate the prevalence rate of under-five deaths among urban poor and non-poor vis-à-vis education of the mothers for proper health planning for the children. This study therefore, examined the effects of maternal education on U5M among urban poor in Nigeria. Social determinant of health framework (SDoHF) was adopted as theoretical framework, while Nigeria Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2016/17 dataset was used for the analysis of the study. The retrospective birth recode file of the dataset was generated from women who gave birth five years that preceded the survey, which gave a total of 3,709 live births. Data was analysed using direct estimate of U5M and logistic regressions at p≤0.05. The results revealed that U5MR was higher among mothers who had no formal education than their counterparts who had attained formal education. Higher educational levels of mothers significantly increased the chances of under-five children survivability. The geopolitical region, maternal age and child’s birth order among others were significantly related to U5M. Intervention programmes should be channeled towards women empowerment, while emphasizing on policies that will promote women’s higher educational attainment. </em></p> Olufunke A. FAYEHUN Adegoke MAJEKODUNMI Aboluwaji Daniel AYINMORO Copyright (c) 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 9 1 22 22 Religion, Health and Turbulence of Healing Craft in the Nigerian Context https://ibadanjournalofsociology.org/IJS/article/view/114 <p><em>One critical and engaging point of religious discourse among social- theorists and thinkers is the healing craft capacity often claimed by religious institutions. This paper explores the structure and dynamics of the nexus between religion and health in the Nigerian context, considering its complexities and pervasiveness. From a review of grey literature and data from online blogs and religious websites, findings show that there is high traffic and patronage to religious centres in Nigeria, mostly for issues ‘bothering the mind’ and terminal diseases, whereas same sources create avenue for assassination and promotion of unhealthy behaviour. Religious factors are essential in health discourse at policy level, to ensure wholesome impacts. </em></p> Kabiru K. Salami Chinwe M. Onuegbu Copyright (c) 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 9 1 30 30 The Politicisation of Policing in Democratic Nigeria https://ibadanjournalofsociology.org/IJS/article/view/115 <p><em>In the security architecture of modern democratic states, the police play pivotal roles, most especially, in the sphere public order management. In the performance of this important role, the police must be professional, apolitical and above all, loyal to the Constitution of the State. However, while the foregoing ideals are internalised by the police in liberal democracies, the reverse appears to be the case in Africa and other peripheral regions where the police seem more political than professional. It is against this background that this article, drawing on evidence from secondary sources, examines the implications of politicisation of policing for democratic consolidation in democratic Nigeria. It notes that politicisation of policing in the country has its undercurrents in the over-centralized Nigerian state and the attendant struggles that often characterise the struggles to capture it by different factions of the ruling elites. It concludes that as long as the over-centralised state structure which centralises public policing in Nigeria endures, public order management in Nigeria, through the auspices of the Nigeria police, would continue to be politicised.</em></p> Adeniyi S. Basiru Franc Ter Abagen Mashud L.A Salawu Copyright (c) 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 9 1 15 15 IJS Vol. 9, 2019 Full Issue https://ibadanjournalofsociology.org/IJS/article/view/116 <p>If you like to submit manuscript to <strong>Ibadan Journal of Sociology </strong>or make an informal inquiry, please contact the editor at Department of Sociology, Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.</p> <p>Instructions to authors are available at the journal’s website</p> <p><a href="https://ibadanjournalofsociology.org">https://ibadanjournalofsociology.org</a></p> IJS Copyright (c) 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 9 1 142 142